What is the meaning of "Motherlines?"
The idea is too often confused by breeders with "motherside"
... but Motherlines is the whole of the bloodlines of the
mothers, including the father's mother and the other mothers on
the father's side - but
always the mothers ...
[the success of Motherline breeding
comes from utilizing very important sex-linked genes present only
in the additional DNA of the X chromosomes of great producing (Stamm)
females ... since a male dog has 76 paired chromosomes plus an X
and a Y chromosome the only place a male can inherit these
important sex-linked genes is through his mother ... therefore;
when this son becomes a father only his resulting
daughters (never his sons) get this valuable X chromosome back
again (along with another X chromosome from their own mother)
... in turn, when these resulting grand-daughters become mothers
the art of breeding lies in selecting only the male offspring
that inherited this valuable X chromosome (as these
great-grandsons will be able to pass the important
sex-linked genes on to their get) ... in so doing we bring the
influence of the Stamm female (through this valuable X
chromosome) to the topside of the pedigree and dramatically
improve our chance of producing great pups true to type when we
breed to quality females from the same Stamm line ... thus the
importance of having an unbroken Motherline on both sides
of the pedigree]
Pedigrees only serve as a guide to
show us what "blood" could be carried by
certain animals. Only through careful study of a
particular animal's offspring and intimate knowledge of its
ancestors can we determine what "blood" an animal is
actually carrying. It is necessary to breed both according
to bloodlines and performance to achieve success. We are
looking for animals who are outstanding performers within the
It is only by inbreeding that we can
double up on the good and bad qualities so we can see what we
are dealing with. When faults in the line come to the
surface we can skim them off and get rid of them. By out-crossing
we only cover up the faults and we know not what to expect in
subsequent litters. One who condemns inbreeding must
in turn condemn the detective who brings crimes to light as well
as the messenger who brings bad news.
A good broodbitch is feminine ...
finer build, a light and pretty head with a smaller and thinner
neck, lots of nobility, but also depth for growing pups.
You should be able to recognize a good broodbitch at 100 meters
and not find it necessary to look between her hips to tell her
sex. Often I have seen young bitches which looked like
grown males receiving much attention and being considered as
future outstanding broodbitches. These bitches never lived
up to expectations.
And then there is Herta von der
Maylust who was considered a "cat" at shows because of
her fine build and light bone structure and was advised not to
be bred because (it was thought) she would only produce poor
small puppies. Yet Herta is a Stamm (original
ancestor) mother behind many of our great dogs today.
If you have a bitch you must select
a stud with complimentary motherlines. It is much simpler
if you have a bitch from a great motherline so that you can
profit from the long experience of breeders in that motherline
and have little difficulty in choosing a good stud dog.
With a little known motherline it is difficult to find the
proper mate since there is but a small number of dogs to choose
from. Look for a pup with a continuous motherline from
When sire and dame have the same
motherlines you can generally count on outstanding pups and you
will have classy breeding stock. To improve your
motherline you must bring together matching bloodlines holding
fast to the good qualities and abolishing the bad. You
then breed for performance, boldness, conformation, nose and
waterwork. The Shorthair must be able to hunt for hours
without tiring, he must have an outstanding nose and never give
up on the retrieve of wounded game regardless of the distance.
(by whom the German Kleemann Seiger or KS tests were developed
and for whom they are named)